Sàng lọc tiếng anh là gì

Talk with a doctor about earlier, more frequent screening, if you fall in a high risk group: African-Americans, those with a family history of glaucoma, previous eye injury, or use of steroid medications.

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Why Screening Tests Are Important

Getting the right screening thử nghiệm at the right time is one of the most important things a man can vì chưng for his health. Screenings find diseases early, before you have sầu symptoms, when they"re easier khổng lồ treat. Early colon cancer can be nipped in the bud. Finding diabetes early may help prsự kiện complications such as vision loss and impotence. The tests you need are based on your age & your risk factors.

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the most comtháng cancer found in American men after skin cancer. It tends to lớn be a slow-growing cancer, but there are also aggressive sầu, fast-growing types of prostate cancer. Screening tests can find the disease early, sometimes before symptoms develop, when treatments are most effective sầu.

Tests for prostate cancer

Screenings for healthy men may include both a digital rectal exam (DRE) and a prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood test. The American Cancer Society advises men to lớn talk with a doctor about the risks và limitations of PSA screening as well as its possible benefits. Discussions should begin at:

* 50 for average-risk men

* 45 for men at high risk.  

Testicular Cancer

This uncomtháng cancer develops in a man"s testicles, the reproductive sầu glands that produce sperm. Most cases occur between ages 20 và 54. The American Cancer Society recommends that all men have a testicular exam when they see a doctor for a routine physical. Men at higher risk (a family history or an undescended testicle) should talk with a doctor about additional screening. Some doctors advise regular self-exams, gently feeling for hard lumps, smooth bumps, or changes in form size or shape of the testes.

Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer is the second comtháng cause of death from cancer. Men have a slightly higher risk of developing it than women. The majority of colon cancers slowly develop from colon polyps: growths on the inner surface of the colon. After cancer develops it can invade or spread to lớn other parts of the body toàn thân. The way to prsự kiện colon cancer is to lớn find và remove sầu colon polyps before they turn cancerous.

Tests for colon cancer

Screening begins at age 50 in average-risk adults. A colonoscopy is a common test for detecting polyps & colorectal cancer. A doctor views the entire colon using a flexible tube and a camera. Polyps can be removed at the time of the test. A similar alternative sầu is a flexible sigmoidoscopy that examines only the lower part of the colon.

Some patients opt for a virtual colonoscopy — a CT scan — or double contrast barium enema — a special X-ray — although if polyps are detected, an actual colonoscopy is needed khổng lồ remove them.

Skin Cancer

The most dangerous size of skin cancer is melanoma. It begins in specialized cells called melanocytes that produce skin color. Older men are twice as likely to develop melanoma as women of the same age. Men are also 2-3 times more likely lớn get non-melanoma basal cell & squamous cell skin cancers than women are. Your risk increases as exposure to sun and/or tanning beds accumulates; sunburns accelerate risk.

Screening for skin cancer

The American Cancer Society và the American Academy of Dermatology recommover regular skin self-exams lớn kiểm tra for any changes in marks on your skin including shape, color, and kích thước. A skin exam by a dermatologist or other health professional should be part of a routine cancer checkup. Treatments for skin cancer are more effective và less disfiguring when it"s found early.

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Your risk for high blood pressure increases with age. It"s also related to lớn your weight & lifestyle. High blood pressure can lead khổng lồ severe complications without any prior symptoms, including an aneurysm — dangerous ballooning of an artery. But it can be treated. When it is, you may reduce your risk for heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure. The bottom line: Know your blood pressure. If it"s high, work with your doctor lớn manage it.

Screening for High Blood Pressure

Blood pressure readings give sầu two numbers. The first (systolic) is the pressure in your arteries when the heart beats. The second (diastolic) is the pressure between beats. Normal blood pressure is less than 120/80. High blood pressure is 140/90 or higher, và in between those two is prehypertension — a major milestone on the road to lớn high blood pressure. How often blood pressure should be checked depends on how high it is and what other risk factors you have sầu.

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Cholesterol Levels

A high màn chơi of LDL cholesterol in the blood causes sticky plaque lớn build up in the walls of your arteries. This increases your risk of heart disease. Atherosclerosis – hardening and narrowing of the arteries — can progress without symptoms for many years. Over time it can lead lớn heart attachồng & stroke. Lifestyle changes & medications can reduce this "bad" cholesterol & lower your risk of cardiovascular disease.

Determining cholesterol levels

A blood thử nghiệm that tells you your levels of total cholesterol, LDL "bad" cholesterol, HDL "good" cholesterol, and triglycerides (blood fat). The results tell you & your doctor a lot about what you need khổng lồ vị lớn reduce your risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Men trăng tròn years và older should have sầu a new panel done at least every five years. Starting at 35, men need regular cholesterol testing.

type 2 diabetes

One-third of Americans with diabetes don"t know they have sầu it. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead khổng lồ heart disease và stroke, kidney disease, blindness from damage to lớn the blood vessels of the retina, nerve sầu damage, và impotence. This doesn"t have khổng lồ happen. Especially when found early, diabetes can be controlled & complications can be avoided with diet, exercise, weight loss, và medications.

screening for type 2 diabetes

A fasting plasma glucose chạy thử is most often used khổng lồ screen for diabetes. More and more doctors are turning lớn the A1C chạy thử, which tells how your toàn thân has controlled blood sugar. Healthy adults should have sầu the chạy thử every three years starting at age 45. If you have sầu a higher risk, including high cholesterol or blood pressure, you may start testing earlier and more frequently.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

HIV is the virut that causes AIDS. It"s in the blood và other body secretions of infected individuals, even when there are no symptoms. It spreads from one person to another when these secretions come in tương tác with the vagimãng cầu, anal area, mouth, eyes, or a break in the skin. There is still no cure or vaccine. Modern treatments can keep HIV infection from becoming AIDS, but these medications can have sầu serious side effects.

HIV Screening Tests

HIV-infected individuals can remain symptom-không tính tiền for many years. The only way khổng lồ know they are infected is with a series of blood tests. The first kiểm tra is called ELISA or EIA. It looks for antibodies to HIV in the blood. It"s possible not khổng lồ be infected and still show positive sầu on the test. So a second thử nghiệm called a Western blot assay is done for confirmation. If you were recently infected, you could still have sầu a negative sầu kiểm tra result. Repeat testing is recommended. If you think you may have been exposed khổng lồ HIV, ask your doctor about the tests.

Preventing the Spread of HIV

Most newly infected individuals demo positive sầu by two months after infection. But up khổng lồ 5% are still negative sầu after six months. Safe sex — abstinence or always using latex barriers such as a condom or a dental dam — is necessary lớn avoid getting HIV & other sexually transmitted infections. If you have HIV và are pregnant, talk with your doctor about what needs to lớn be done to lớn reduce the risk of HIV infection in your unborn child. Drug users should not cốt truyện needles.


This group of eye diseases gradually damages the optic nerve sầu và may lead lớn blindness – & irreversible vision loss can occur before people with glaucoma notice any symptoms. Screening tests look for abnormally high pressure within the eye, khổng lồ catch & treat the condition before damage khổng lồ the optic nerve sầu.

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Glaucoma Screening

Eye tests for glaucoma are based on age and personal risk:

* Under 40: Every 2-4 years

* 40-54: Every 1-3 years

* 55-64: Every 1-2 years

* 65 up: Every 6-12 months

Talk with a doctor about earlier, more frequent screening, if you fall in a high risk group: African-Americans, those with a family history of glaucoma, previous eye injury, or use of steroid medications.

Chuyên mục: Chia sẻ